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The key drivers to success and failure of European travel agencies

  • The pivotal role of the service industry in the economy is increasing over the last decades, as shown by the significant contribution to the GDP made by travel and tourism. Among the varied range of travel companies, this paper focuses on travel agencies. The objective of the thesis is to find out the key drivers, which lead to the success of European travel agencies and to point out the factors that make them unable to compete and develop sustainably. This paper uses the PESTEL model, Porter’s Five Forces model analysis, flywheel concept and spontaneously conducted interviews with travel and tourism industry experts. A case study approach is adopted. There is also the analysis of the financial statements, business model and strategies of the top 15 world-leading travel agencies to find out the market structures and competitors’ behaviors. From the collected data and examination, three primary factors that lead to the sustainable development of travel agencies and four main factors that decreed the failure were identified. Besides, the research also finds out the answer for the three research questions: technology is the disruptive forces in the travel agency industry, there will be no monopoly in this industry at least in the next medium-term, and the adaptation of a new business model is possible. Finally, the study proposed a sustainable development model for a European travel agency as well as directions for future relevant research.

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Author:My Linh Ho
Advisor:Marc Peter Radke
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Year of Completion:2020
Granting Institution:Hochschule Furtwangen
Date of final exam:2020/02/29
Release Date:2020/03/03
Tag:OTA; Travel Agencies; Travel and tourism industry; eCommerce
Degree Program:MBA - International Business Management
Functional area:Business Strategy
Open-Access-Status: Closed Access 
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt