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Wirtschaftliche Analyse der Folgen einer Legalisierung von Cannabis in Deutschland

  • The international debate on cannabis legalization gained considerable momentum after US states Colorado and Washington adopted laws on legal recreational cannabis for the first time. Ever since, seven US states and nations such as Uruguay and Canada followed the lead. Germany is no exception from this development and there are various other countries considering to legalize marihuana for recreational purposes as well. It is of high interest for policy makers in politics, economics and public health and safety to understand to what extent such an amendment influences different areas of society. The academic literature about coherent implications for the German state is scarce. The present thesis is an analysis of the economic consequences of a potential cannabis legalization in Germany and a weighing up of its pros and cons in monetary terms. Information about properties of cannabis markets such as supply, prices, demand and their dynamics - predominantly from scientific research in nations with adopted legalization or decriminalization laws – were examined and transferred to Germany to compute likely income and expenditure related to or influenced by cannabis. Factors included are demand reactions and thereby impacts on tax income from marihuana, public expenditure for law enforcement and health, the alcohol industry, opiate consumption, as well as road safety and drug-related crime. A legalization would result in a significant increase of annual cannabis consumption and regular users in Germany. The analysis identified public expenditure and tax income as substantial components with regard to the economic feasibility study. Interrelations to alcohol consumption are also important in determining the appropriateness of such an amendment. Severe adverse outcomes on road safety or other drug consumption are not expected. Drug-related crime and power of organized crime are likely to decrease.

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Author:Emre Sahin
Advisor:Marc Peter Radke
Document Type:Bachelor Thesis
Year of Completion:2018
Granting Institution:Hochschule Furtwangen
Date of final exam:2018/08/31
Release Date:2018/08/31
Tag:Cannabis; Deutschland; Legalisierung; Wirtschaftlichkeitsanalyse
Page Number:71
Degree Program:IBW - Internationale Betriebswirtschaft
Functional area:Economics
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt