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Dimensions of national culture and ethical social responsibility influencing consumer behavior in grocery retail market in favor for domestic products

  • Entering a foreign market usually deals with different cultures and different values. Therefore, any company, which wants to expand abroad, has to understand the culture and their future customers. Markets are people says an old marketing paradigm. People shape the market according to their demand on the certain market. Culture is the main factor influencing the consumer behavior. Therefore, in this study we will consider closer the cultural differences between US, UK and Germany in order to understand the differences in behavior of consumers of grocery retail market. Comparison of the cultures will be done based on the Hofstedes’ dimensions of national culture. Further, we will analyze the predisposition of these national cultures towards consumer ethnocentrism (CE) based on previous studies’ findings. These comparisons will give us an understanding of three cultures and which of those cultures influences its consumers purchase motives in favor domestic products. Additionally we will compare consumers’ attitude in three countries based on the current trend of sustainable and ecologically friendly products. Finally, in two case studies, we will look closer at successful operation of German retailers in UK and US. Successful operation of American retailer Walmart in UK and failure of Walmart in UK. We will look at interrelation of the cultures with the foreign market entries of studied retailers. In the end, better understanding of these cultures will help to recognize why Walmart failed in Germany and succeeded in UK. The main assumption, that Germans avoid shopping in foreign stores will be either supported or denied based on the findings. However, this is a qualitative research based on secondary data, therefore limitations and suggestions for future researches will be described at the end.

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Author:Taalay Ismailbekov
Advisor:Christoph Mergard
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Year of Completion:2016
Granting Institution:Hochschule Furtwangen
Date of final exam:2016/02/29
Release Date:2016/07/15
Degree Program:IMM - International Management
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt